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π Tape - DONG

DONG
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Subscribe for Wacky Gifts, Amazing Apps, and The Best of the Internet. D.O.N.G. launched in October 2015 and is powered by Vsauce. ************************************************************­*** D.O.N.G. is... Michael Stevens: Producer/Host of Vsauce1/D.O.N.G. Kevin Lieber: Producer/Host of Vsauce2/D.O.N.G. Jake Roper: Producer/Host of Vsauce3/D.O.N.G. Eric Langlay: VFX for Vsauce1/2/3/D.O.N.G. Hannah Canetti: Writer/Editor for D.O.N.G. Jack Merline: Writer/Editor for D.O.N.G. Alisha Garza: Vsauce Coordinator You: Thanks for watching!

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Follow DONG on Twitter!  
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Vsauce PO Box:  PO Box 33168
                             L.A. CA 90033

***CREDITS***

Hosted by
Michael Stevens

Eed by
Hannah Canetti
(https://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys

VFX by
Eric Langlay
(https://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys

Music by Jake Chudnow
(https://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys

***VSAUCE LINKS***

Vsauce1: https://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys
Vsauce2: https://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys
Vsauce3: https://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys
The Leaning Tower of Lire

See Brain Candy Live in Australia!! http://www.braincandylive.com/tickets/tour Me on twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce The block stacking problem: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Block-stacking_problem http://datagenetics.com/blog/may32013/index.html http://mathworld.wolfram.com/BookStackingProblem.html http://demoroom.physics.ncsu.edu/html/demos/235.html Adam Savage's TESTED: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCiDJtJKMICpb9B1qf7qjEOA The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Jack Merline VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Ambigram Art

Books shown in this video: "Wordplay" by John Langdon: http://geni.us/Ambigrams "Inversions" by Scott Kim: http://geni.us/CalligraphicCartwheels Topsys & Turvys: http://geni.us/TopysysTurvys http://geni.us/TopysysTurvys2 Gustave Verbeek: http://geni.us/UpsideDownWorld Get my favorite math and science toys delivered regularly to your home! http://www.curiositybox.com John Langdon's site: http://www.johnlangdon.net Scott Kim's site: http://www.scottkim.com Ambigram wiki page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ambigram Online ambigram generator: https://flipscript.com/en/flip More ambigrams: https://design.tutsplus.com/articles/a-clever-collection-of-40-inspiring-ambigrams--vector-3170 http://www.tripwiremagazine.com/ambigram-generator/ https://www.begindot.com/best-ambigram-generator/ Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Send me something! Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Host Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti and Michael Stevens VFX outros by Eric Langlay http://youtube.com/ericlanglay Music by Jake Chudnow http://youtube.com/jakechudnow and from http://www.audionetwork.com ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

How High Can We Build?

What's the tallest THING we've ever built? How tall will we EVER be able to build? Follow Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce http://www.Facebook.com/VsauceGaming music by: http://www.Soundcloud.com/JakeChudnow Links: see two sunrises/sunsets and calculate the Earth's Radius: http://www.darylscience.com/downloads/DblSunset.pdf also HERE: http://www.astro.princeton.edu/~dns/teachersguide/MeasECAct.html Tallest Structures TIMELINE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_three_tallest_structures_in_the_world Tallest list incorporating building/structure distinction: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_tallest_buildings_and_structures_in_the_world falling person and terminal velocity: http://www.newton.dep.anl.gov/askasci/phy00/phy00012.htm KWTV, first radio mast taller than the Empire State Building: http://www.fybush.com/sites/2004/site-040129.html radio mast collapse VIDEO: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vx4k9gXAZEM Dubai and Burj Khalifa in fog: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vo3pY_jmn2w Pictures of Burj Khalifa: http://www.owips.com/burj-khalifa/ Burj Khalifa and Ramadan: http://www.emirates247.com/news/emirates/burj-khalifa-residents-must-fast-a-little-longer-2011-08-07-1.411516 Shuttle / ISS height: http://serc.carleton.edu/quantskills/activities/botec_orbit.html Sunrise from orbit VIDEO: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5nF5RXQxDH4 XKCD Date Idea" http://blog.xkcd.com/2009/04/06/a-date-idea-analyzed/ Space elevator: http://www.spaceward.org/ (be sure to enjoy the Conan Space Pirate Toy .gif) http://www.spaceelevatorblog.com/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_elevator Another possible way to make a...

Our Narrow Slice

SOURCES AND MORE INFO BELOW: Jared Diamond's "The World Until Yesterday": http://www.amazon.co.uk/The-World-Until-Yesterday-Traditional/dp/0141024488/ music by: youtube.com/jakechudnow Follow Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce more on WEIRD: http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2013/05/weird_psychology_social_science_researchers_rely_too_much_on_western_college.html incorrect predictions: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Incorrect_predictions More famous INCORRECT predictions: http://www.rense.com/general81/dw.htm http://web.mit.edu/randy/www/words.html history of miscegenation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miscegenation debunked scientific beliefs: http://listverse.com/2009/01/19/10-debunked-scientific-beliefs-of-the-past/ Hollow Earth: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hollow_Earth Hollow Concave Earth: http://www.atlasobscura.com/places/koreshan-state-historic-site Concave Earth spying attempt: http://bit.ly/1gnDwRE Scathing reviews of masterpieces: http://mentalfloss.com/article/30497/11-early-scathing-reviews-works-now-considered-masterpieces http://flavorwire.com/335428/15-scathing-early-reviews-of-classic-novels/ Thomas Midgley, Jr.: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Midgley,_Jr. QI clip about Midgley: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gZAnnvSOEmw Inventors killed by own inventions (AllTime10s): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wu9KXQmL2d8 50 worst inventions: http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1991915_1991909_1991817,00.html Nevin Lead and crime study: http://pic.plover.com/Nevin/Nevin2007.pdf

Online Illusions

First 36 Get 20% Off Annual Subscription: https://brilliant.org/doonline/ The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ ***Click "SHOW MORE" for links to DONGs*** Michael Bach (0:44) http://www.michaelbach.de/ot/ Ghostly Gaze (0:56) http://www.michaelbach.de/ot/fcs-ghostlyGaze/index.html Albert/Marilyn (2:11) http://thevisualcommunicationguy.com/2014/04/07/hybrid-images-detail-memory-and-our-crazy-brain/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hybrid_image http://people.sunyit.edu/~lepres/thesis/principles/253_pdfsam_POD.pdf Dancing Girl (3:48) http://www.michaelbach.de/ot/sze_silhouette/index.html Thatcher Effect (4:39) http://thatchereffect.com/ Fading Dot (5:03) http://www.exploratorium.edu/files/exhibits/fading_dot/fading_dot.html Oscillating Dots (5:56) https://www.reddit.com/r/illusionporn/comments/7owdms/2_dots_oscillating_vertically_or_horizontally_or/ Hinged Tessellations (7:19) http://algrant.ca/projects/hinged-tessellations/ ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti (https://www.youtube.com/c/HannahCanetti) VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

A Game You Can Never Win

Not a real offer. *** LINKS *** Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered to your door! https://www.curiositybox.com/ 2018 Currency Budget https://www.federalreserve.gov/foia/files/2018currency.pdf The Fed - How Much Does It Cost To Produce Currency And Coin? https://www.federalreserve.gov/faqs/currency_12771.htm New $100 Bill Costs 60% More To Produce (Article from 2013) https://www.marketwatch.com/story/new-100-bill-costs-60-more-to-produce-2013-10-08 Prop Movie Money https://propmoviemoney.com/product/new-style-100-full-print-prop-money-stack/ Hasbro Monopoly Money https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00000IWCW/ Tullock Auctions https://blogs.cornell.edu/info2040/2012/09/25/losing-to-win-tullock-auctions/ Knee-Deep In The Big Muddy: A Study Of Escalating Commitment to a Chosen Course of Action http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.470.3668&rep=rep1&type=pdf The Dollar Auction Game: A Paradox in Noncooperative Behavior and Escalation by Martin Shubik http://www.math.toronto.edu/mpugh/Teaching/Sci199_03/dollar_auction_1.pdf Backward Induction https://vknight.org/Year_3_game_theory_course/Content/Chapter_07-Extensive_form_games_and_backwards_induction/ *********************************** Vsauce2 Links Twitter: https://twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Hosted, Produced, And Edited by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Website: http://kevinlieber.com Research And Writing by Matthew Tabor https://twitter.com/matthewktabor VFX By Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay Huge Thanks Paula Lieber https://www.etsy.com/shop/Craftality Select Music By...

Lenz's Law

GET A FREE AUDIOBOOK! http://audible.com/michaelstoys or text michaelstoys to 500-500 LINKS TO LEARN MORE BELOW! dong on twitter: https://twitter.com/doonlinenowguys dong on instagram: https://www.instagram.com/doonlinenowguys my reddit post about DONG and Vsauce1: https://www.reddit.com/r/vsauce/comments/86a49b/can_anyone_tell_me_why_the_vsauce_videos_of/dw4fhoc/ VIDEOS MENTIONED: The episode of Mind Field at UC Irvine. We look at how playing video games can effect the shape and size of your brain: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1RHsAUyFCAM How dangerous are magnetic items near an MRI magnet? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6BBx8BwLhqg Veritasium: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NqdOyxJZj0U PhysicsFun on instagram: https://www.instagram.com/physicsfun Science Bob and magnetic cereal: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n9s8CbP7ExY wbeaty's video on how to make a generator: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k7Sz8oT8ou0 MRI quench: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9SOUJP5dFEg Levitating frog: http://www.ru.nl/hfml/research/levitation/diamagnetic/ Faraday's Law interactive: https://phet.colorado.edu/sims/html/faradays-law/latest/faradays-law_en.html Lenz's Law: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lenz%27s_law Lenz's Law interactive: https://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/electromag/java/lenzlaw/ Ann Druyan: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ann_Druyan Voyager Golden Record: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voyager_Golden_Record ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti and...

The Invention Of Blue

Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ Written, Produced, Edited and Hosted by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Website: http://kevinlieber.com Contributing Researcher & Editor Matthew Tabor, Koala Fight Media http://koala.fm/ VFX by Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay Select Music by Jake Chudnow https://www.youtube.com/user/jakechudnow Special Thanks Paula Lieber https://twitter.com/pixichuu Vsauce2 Links Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Website: http://www.Vsauce.com **** LINKS AND SOURCES **** BOOKS The Brilliant History of Color in Art by Victoria Finlay https://www.amazon.com/Brilliant-History-Color-Art/dp/1606064290/ Blue: The History Of A Color by Michel Pastoureau https://www.amazon.com/Blue-History-Color-Michel-Pastoureau/dp/0691090505/ Secret Language Of Color by Joann Eckstut and Arielle Eckstut https://www.amazon.com/Secret-Language-Color-Science-History/dp/1579129498/ SPECIAL THANKS Virginia Postrel https://vpostrel.com/ https://www.amazon.com/Substance-Style-Aesthetic-Remaking-Consciousness/dp/0060933852/ Victoria Finlay https://victoriafinlay.com/ Joshua J. Mark http://www.ancient.eu/user/JPryst/ Kidmograph http://www.kidmograph.com/ https://www.instagram.com/kidmograph/ Outro Song “I Came Back For You” by Trevor Something https://trevorsomething.bandcamp.com/album/soulless-computer-boy-and-the-eternal-render ARTICLES Pigments Through The Ages https://goo.gl/ytfGV3 https://goo.gl/D6nwMs Color In Art https://goo.gl/4Bu7pD Harvard Color Vault https://goo.gl/Q86ixm https://goo.gl/Y43xCb Little Snow White https://goo.gl/Lsm8Xt A Story Of Blue https://goo.gl/4GsVFB The Material History of the Color...

The Brachistochrone

BRAIN CANDY LIVE TICKETS: http://www.braincandylive.com/tickets Links to sources and to learn more below! MY TWITTER: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce MY INSTAGRAM: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants THE CURIOSITY BOX: https://www.curiositybox.com/ Stan Wagon “Roads and Wheels” [PDF]: http://web.mst.edu/~lmhall/Personal/RoadsWheels/RoadsWheels.pdf 3Blue1Brown video, “The Brachistochrone, with Steven Strogatz”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cld0p3a43fU Pile of people visualization originally from this Vsauce1 video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C6eOcd06kdk Online spirograph: http://nathanfriend.io/inspirograph/ The Brachistochrone http://whistleralley.com/brachistochrone/brachistochrone.htm Rolling: http://www.animations.physics.unsw.edu.au//jw/rolling.htm http://teacher.pas.rochester.edu/phy121/LectureNotes/Chapter12/Chapter12.html Refraction of light: http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/refrn/Lesson-1/Refraction-and-Sight http://www.funscience.in/study-zone/Physics/RefractionOfLight/AtmosphericRefraction.php http://www.walter-fendt.de/html5/phen/refractionhuygens_en.htm http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/particleorwave/refraction/ http://astro.unl.edu/classaction/animations/telescopes/snellslaw.html http://demonstrations.wolfram.com/FermatsPrincipleAndSnellsLaw/ Feynman on The Principle of Least Time: http://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/I_26.html cycloid as answer to brachistochrone: https://sinews.siam.org/About-the-Author/quick-find-a-solution-to-the-brachistochrone-problem-1 Music from: https://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com Roulette animations by Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay good relevant Wikipedia articles: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brachistochrone_curve https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tautochrone_curve https://goo.gl/SlRDhK https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cycloid https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snell's_law Wolfram demonstration projects used: "Cycloid Curves" from the Wolfram Demonstrations Project  http://demonstrations.wolfram.com/CycloidCurves/ Contributed by: Sean Madsen Additional contributions by: David von Seggern (U. Nevada, Reno) "Shaping a Road and Finding the Corresponding Wheel" from the Wolfram...

A Proof That The Square Root of Two Is Irrational

Like my shirt? Well, you already own it if you're a Curiosity Box subscriber. If you're not, don't miss out again! Get exclusive math and science stuff from me delivered right to your door four times a year: http://www.curiositybox.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Micorn Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti Curiosity Box VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow and from AudioNetwork (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) (https://www.audionetwork.com) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Relativistic Effects

LINKS TO LEARN MORE BELOW! follow: http://www.twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Relativity VIDEO RECOMMENDATIONS: I talk about relativistic effects in this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ACUuFg9Y9dY My video about flat Earth: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VNqNnUJVcVs&t=3s Minutephyisics series on relativity (first two chapters are out so far) Chapter 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1rLWVZVWfdY Chapter 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hTxWAQGgeQw More time dilation videos: Best0fScience: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HHRK6ojWdtU PBS Space Time: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GguAN1_JouQ Sixty Symbols: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cxqjyl74iu4 Fraser Cain: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JwCYwte9NKg Relativity BOOK RECOMMENDATIONS: “Relativity Simply Explained” by Martin Gardener https://www.amazon.com/Relativity-Explained-Classics-Science-Mathematics/dp/0486293157 “Relativity Visualized” by Lewis Carroll Epstein https://www.amazon.com/Relativity-Explained-Classics-Science-Mathematics/dp/0486293157 "Spacetime Physics" https://www.amazon.com/Spacetime-Physics-Edwin-F-Taylor/dp/0716723271 “A Most Incomprehensible Thing: Notes Towards a Very Gentle Introduction to the Mathematics of Relativity” by Peter Collier https://www.amazon.com/Most-Incomprehensible-Thing-Introduction-Mathematics-ebook/dp/B008JRJ1VK Requires some background in relevant math topics (see above) but very very good: “Spacetime And Geometry: An Introduction To General Relativity”...

Spinning

THE CURIOSITY BOX: https://www.curiositybox.com/ BRAIN CANDY LIVE: http://www.braincandylive.com/ DONG: http://www.youtube.com/dong **LINKS TO LEARN MORE BELOW** Jake unboxing the latest Curiosity Box (SPOILERS): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IUK7MUtotw4 Other great videos on this topic: "The gyro effect explained, without math" from Matthias Wandel https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jQEKhIovKA0 also see http://woodgears.ca/physics/gyro.html "Gyroscopic precession -- An intuitive explanation" from TheHue's SciTech https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n5bKzBZ7XuM "Gyroscopic Precession" from Veritasium https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ty9QSiVC2g0 "Anti-Gravity Wheel?" from Veritasium https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GeyDf4ooPdo "Bizarre spinning toys" from Physics Girl https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Tx7FgZuV3U&t=199s "Can a satellite do a yo-yo trick?" from Practical Engineering https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZKAQtB5Pwq4 wiki pages about gyroscopes and circular motion: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gyroscope https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circular_motion https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angular_momentum https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Precession https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centrifugal_force centripetal force: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/cf.html xkcd on Centrifugal Force: http://xkcd.com/123/ Eötvös effect: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E%C3%B6tv%C3%B6s_effect http://io9.gizmodo.com/5987516/the-noble-eotvos-effect-shows-you-can-outrun-gravity https://thearmsguide.com/5329/external-ballistics-the-coriolis-effect-6-theory-section/ https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/our-weight-if-the-earth-spins-faster.603143/ Music by http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com Good-lookin' 3D graphics by Eric Langlay: https://www.youtube.com/user/ericdraven30 mid-tier 2D animations by me. #whazzzup

Squaring a Doughnut

***LINKS TO LEARN MORE BELOW*** Numberphile's Video About Squared Squares https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NoRjwZomUK0 Torus Games http://www.geometrygames.org/TorusGames/index.html.en https://levsblog.quora.com/The-Topology-of-Pacman http://www.squaring.net/sq/spt/st/st.html http://www.squaring.net/sq/ss/siss/siss.html http://www.squaring.net/history_theory/brooks_smith_stone_tutte.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squaring_the_square Get my favorite science gear delivered to your door: http://www.curiositybox.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 9003 ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti instagram: @hannaynaycanaynay VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow and from AudioNetwork (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) (https://www.audionetwork.com) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Magic 13

Get my favorite math and science toys delivered regularly to your home! http://www.curiositybox.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Send me something! Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Host Michael Stevens Special Guest JAKE ROPER http://www.youtube.com/vsauce3 Edited by Jack Merline VFX outros by Eric Langlay http://youtube.com/ericlanglay Music by Jake Chudnow http://youtube.com/jakechudnow and from http://www.audionetwork.com ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

The Legend Of Zorba

"I’ve been to Zork today. Tomorrow, I will take a friend. Together we will unwrap the cloaks of mystery surrounding this most excellent and memorable work of computerized fiction. And when we have extracted from this land every drop of adventuring that can be obtained, we will likely not be kept waiting. A sequel is nearing completion, even as this is being written. Somebody, please, let me know when it’s done." -Bob Liddil, Byte Magazine, Feb 1981 **** CREDITS **** Produced, Edited, Hosted and Co-Written by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Cinematography and VFX by Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay Contributing Researcher, Co-Writer & Script Editor Matthew...

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Watch Jake’s amazing video on Vsauce3: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pZkCZ4LCO0o&t=752s Get our favorite science gear delivered to your door: http://www.curiositybox.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***Click "SHOW MORE" For Links*** LEARN MORSE CODE: https://morse.withgoogle.com/learn/ https://lcwo.net http://www.learnmorsecode.com Morse Code Palindromes http://www.datagenetics.com/blog/march42012/palindrome.html Morse Code Pop Song: Better Days (10:02) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7CqOYM7cCX8 https://www.theverge.com/2015/1/7/7483235/the-code-colombian-army-morsecode-hostages Alexis Casdagli’s Story (10:29) https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2011/sep/03/tony-casdagli-father-stitching-nazis Vietnam POW Story (11:07) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rufnWLVQcKg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeremiah_Denton Curiosity Wheels https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/multimedia/pia16112.html Wiki Links https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morse_code https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morse_code_mnemonics https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Morse https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marquis_de_Lafayette_(Morse) ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti and Michael Stevens Curiosity Box VFX by Eric...

Lightbulbs, Multiplication, and More!

Brilliant.org: https://brilliant.org/dong The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ ***Click "SHOW MORE" for links to DONGs*** Pickle Cat (0:08) http://dn.ht/picklecat/ List of Entertainers Who Died During a Performance (0:36) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_entertainers_who_died_during_a_performance Modular Multiplication Around a Circle (1:08) https://dev.nektro.net/projects/circular_multiplication/#10x8 Slider Version (2:29) https://math-magic.herokuapp.com/ 3D RGB Scatterplot (3:30) https://imgur.com/a/aRBd1 Image Colors (4:15) https://franciscouzo.github.io/image_colors/ What’s That Bulb (6:08) http://www.whatsthatbulb.com/ Wide-angle NavCam 1 (7:21) https://i.imgur.com/gq7MvVn.png Migrant Mother (7:54) https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/54/Lange-MigrantMother02.jpg http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/ppmsca.23845/ Fonetix (9:21) http://www.flashbynight.com/fonetix/ How To Waste Time (11:32) http://www.how-to-waste-your-time.com/ ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Written and edited by Hannah Canetti (http://www.howtohannah.com) VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Every Strictly-Convex Deltahedron

Get my favorite science and math toys delivered right to your door four times a year! http://www.curiositybox.com The tiles I'm using are called Magna-Tiles: http://geni.us/MagnaTilesbyValtech Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys deltahedra: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deltahedron video about snubification and expansion: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BMfxSkCLtyM expansion and snub animation from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snub_(geometry) Send me something! Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Your host today has been Michael Stevens Edited by Jack Merline and Michael Stevens VFX outros by Eric Langlay http://youtube.com/ericlanglay Music by Jake Chudnow http://youtube.com/jakechudnow and from http://www.audionetwork.com ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

A Game You Can Always Win

Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered right to your door: http://www.curiositybox.com The 100 game was created by the Reverend Charles Lutwidge Dodgson -- who you may know for writing Alice In Wonderland under the pen name Lewis Carroll. Carroll’s Oxford students were amazed. On February 5, 1856 he wrote in his diary: “... the trick of counting alternately up to 100, neither putting on more than 10 to the last number named, astonished them not a little.” The Universe in a Handkerchief: Lewis Carroll’s Mathematical Recreations, Games, Puzzles, and Word Plays, by Martin Gardiner https://www.amazon.com/Universe-Handkerchief-Carrolls-Mathematical-Recreations/dp/0387256415 The Diaries of Lewis Carroll Volume...

What If The Earth Stopped Spinning?

What if the Earth stopped spinning? LEARN MORE BELOW! follow Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce instagram: http://instagram.com/electricpants facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceGaming Courtly Love "Mirage": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yv_CSShi1vU music by: https://www.youtube.com/user/jakechudnow Faster Earth-spin physics: http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/question.php?number=310 http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=603143 http://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=403191 If Earth stopped spinning: http://www.esri.com/news/arcuser/0610/nospin.html http://astrobob.areavoices.com/2013/07/30/if-the-earth-stops-spinning-wed-be-in-big-trouble/ http://image.gsfc.nasa.gov/poetry/ask/q1168.html http://www.astronomycafe.net/qadir/q2947.html http://science.howstuffworks.com/science-vs-myth/what-if/what-if-earth-stopped-spinning.htm http://www.spaceanswers.com/solar-system/what-would-happen-if-the-earth-stopped-spinning/ https://van.physics.illinois.edu/qa/listing.php?id=322 human dimensions: http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~loebinfo/loebinfo/Proportions/humanfigure.html If Earth stopped spinning VIDEOS: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C7kubIYu69c https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qr_aEHXfC70 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nH3bmG-KjvU Why does Earth rotate? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TQxeutcYP6I http://www.universetoday.com/14491/why-does-the-earth-rotate/ http://blog.tiaan.com/link/2010/05/04/simulation-space-debris-forming-accretion-disk centripetal vs centrifugal: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/corf.html http://xkcd.com/123/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yAfg_8OLjvs http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centrifugal_force_(rotating_reference_frame)#Earth http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/physics/phys06/bartgrav/default.htm http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/question.php?number=16 comics: http://i.imgur.com/yRxXg.png http://www.qwantz.com/index.php?comic=351 atomic clocks: http://www.nist.gov/pml/div688/grp50/primary-frequency-standards.cfm http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/acloc.html http://archive.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/obj/inms-ienm/images/research_images/cesium_clock_e/energyleveldiagram.gif time: http://www.theatlantic.com/video/index/358609/where-time-comes-from/ http://travel.fyicenter.com/Time_Zone/What_Are_UTC_UT_and_GMT.php http://www.nist.gov/pml/div688/grp50/leapsecond.cfm http://www.bipm.org/en/scientific/tai/clock_comparisons.html http://www.astronomy.ohio-state.edu/~pogge/Ast350/timesys.html Earth slowing down and unstable: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/bad-weather-makes-day-long/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fluctuations_in_the_length_of_day http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earth's_rotation Earth footage: http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/view.php?id=79803 http://earth.jsc.nasa.gov/Videos/CrewEarthObservationsVideos/ https://archive.org/details/SVS-1375 Earth and ocean animation by https://twitter.com/RoryBinks People flailing animation by Eric Langley

Math Magic

Links to sources, more math magic, and other cool things below! My Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce My Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Thanks to Vanessa from BrainCraft! Check out her channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/braincraftvideo Matt Parker's standupmaths channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/standupmaths Matt's video I mention: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aNpGxZ_1KXU STEMMathsMagic channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/STEMMathsMagic The STEMMathsMagic video I reference: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r-LO8zQ9eTs STEMMathsMagic website (check out the manual!): http://www.mathematicalmagic.com/thetricks.html mismag is amazing. He introduced me to MANY self-working mathematical tricks. Please check him out! https://www.youtube.com/user/mismag822 MUSIC in this episode is from: Jake Chudnow: https://www.youtube.com/user/jakechudnow zach mccoy: https://zachmccoy.bandcamp.com/ audionetwork: http://www.audionetwork.com Shakespeare and Psalm 46: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psalm_46 http://www.umsl.edu/~thomaskp/sbible.htm https://www.apologeticspress.org/apcontent.aspx?category=13&article=925 Paper about which cards people think of most frequently (and more): http://www2.psych.ubc.ca/~rensink/publications/download/Cards-OAR.pdf 52 factorial explained by Scott Czepiel: http://czep.net/weblog/52cards.html Some good math magic articles: http://www.maa.org/community/maa-columns/past-columns-card-colm/low-down-triple-dealing http://www.futilitycloset.com/2015/06/25/color-scheme/ http://www.maa.org/external_archive/columns/colm/cardcolm200504.html http://www.ams.org/samplings/feature-column/fcarc-mulcahy5 http://mathforum.org/library/drmath/view/60379.html

Smelling Outer Space

Get my favorite science gear delivered to your door: http://www.curiositybox.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 The Peculiarium: https://www.peculiarium.com/ 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/67P/Churyumov%E2%80%93Gerasimenko https://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Rosetta/Rosetta_s_comet_contains_ingredients_for_life http://science.sciencemag.org/content/349/6247/aab0689 67p/C-G animation: https://twitter.com/landru79/status/988490703075463168 Sagittarius B2 map: http://chandra.harvard.edu/edu/gcenter/ comet visual: https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/12900 images from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosetta_(spacecraft)#/media/File:Rosetta_and_Philae_at_comet_(11206660686).jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propylene_glycol#/media/File:E-Cigarette-Electronic_Cigarette-E-Cigs-E-Liquid-Vaping-Cloud_Chasing_(16348040092).jpg ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti Curiosity Box VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow and from AudioNetwork (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) (https://www.audionetwork.com) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

The Mandelbrot Set

I will send my brain food right to your door: http://www.curiositybox.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***Click "SHOW MORE" For Links*** Mandelbrot Zoom https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PD2XgQOyCCk ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Jack Merline VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) and Audio Network (https://www.audionetwork.com) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Inq's Cipher Wheel

Get your own Inq's Cipher Wheel and everything else in Box VIII: http://www.curiositybox.com Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Send me something! Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Your host today has been Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti and Michael Stevens VFX outros by Eric Langlay http://youtube.com/ericlanglay Music by Jake Chudnow http://youtube.com/jakechudnow and from http://www.audionetwork.com ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

The Galton Board

Get my favorite science and math toys delivered right to your door: http://www.curiositybox.com Buy a Galton Board here: http://geni.us/GaltonBoard Twitter: http://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Instagram: http://instagr.am/doonlinenowguys Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Starring Hannah Canetti With special appearance by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti and Michael Stevens Close-up footage of the board by JAKE ROPER VFX outros by Eric Langlay http://youtube.com/ericlanglay Music by Jake Chudnow http://youtube.com/jakechudnow ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3