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π Tape - DONG

DONG
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Subscribe for Wacky Gifts, Amazing Apps, and The Best of the Internet. D.O.N.G. launched in October 2015 and is powered by Vsauce. ************************************************************­*** D.O.N.G. is... Michael Stevens: Producer/Host of Vsauce1/D.O.N.G. Kevin Lieber: Producer/Host of Vsauce2/D.O.N.G. Jake Roper: Producer/Host of Vsauce3/D.O.N.G. Eric Langlay: VFX for Vsauce1/2/3/D.O.N.G. Hannah Canetti: Writer/Editor for D.O.N.G. Jack Merline: Writer/Editor for D.O.N.G. Alisha Garza: Vsauce Coordinator You: Thanks for watching!

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Follow DONG on Twitter!  
https://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys

For Our Favorite Science Toys Delivered Right To Your Door:
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Vsauce PO Box:  PO Box 33168
                             L.A. CA 90033

***CREDITS***

Hosted by
Michael Stevens

Eed by
Hannah Canetti
(https://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys

VFX by
Eric Langlay
(https://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys

Music by Jake Chudnow
(https://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys

***VSAUCE LINKS***

Vsauce1: https://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys
Vsauce2: https://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys
Vsauce3: https://twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys
The Leaning Tower of Lire

See Brain Candy Live in Australia!! http://www.braincandylive.com/tickets/tour Me on twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce The block stacking problem: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Block-stacking_problem http://datagenetics.com/blog/may32013/index.html http://mathworld.wolfram.com/BookStackingProblem.html http://demoroom.physics.ncsu.edu/html/demos/235.html Adam Savage's TESTED: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCiDJtJKMICpb9B1qf7qjEOA The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Jack Merline VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Online Illusions

First 36 Get 20% Off Annual Subscription: https://brilliant.org/doonline/ The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ ***Click "SHOW MORE" for links to DONGs*** Michael Bach (0:44) http://www.michaelbach.de/ot/ Ghostly Gaze (0:56) http://www.michaelbach.de/ot/fcs-ghostlyGaze/index.html Albert/Marilyn (2:11) http://thevisualcommunicationguy.com/2014/04/07/hybrid-images-detail-memory-and-our-crazy-brain/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hybrid_image http://people.sunyit.edu/~lepres/thesis/principles/253_pdfsam_POD.pdf Dancing Girl (3:48) http://www.michaelbach.de/ot/sze_silhouette/index.html Thatcher Effect (4:39) http://thatchereffect.com/ Fading Dot (5:03) http://www.exploratorium.edu/files/exhibits/fading_dot/fading_dot.html Oscillating Dots (5:56) https://www.reddit.com/r/illusionporn/comments/7owdms/2_dots_oscillating_vertically_or_horizontally_or/ Hinged Tessellations (7:19) http://algrant.ca/projects/hinged-tessellations/ ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti (https://www.youtube.com/c/HannahCanetti) VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Lenz's Law

GET A FREE AUDIOBOOK! http://audible.com/michaelstoys or text michaelstoys to 500-500 LINKS TO LEARN MORE BELOW! dong on twitter: https://twitter.com/doonlinenowguys dong on instagram: https://www.instagram.com/doonlinenowguys my reddit post about DONG and Vsauce1: https://www.reddit.com/r/vsauce/comments/86a49b/can_anyone_tell_me_why_the_vsauce_videos_of/dw4fhoc/ VIDEOS MENTIONED: The episode of Mind Field at UC Irvine. We look at how playing video games can effect the shape and size of your brain: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1RHsAUyFCAM How dangerous are magnetic items near an MRI magnet? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6BBx8BwLhqg Veritasium: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NqdOyxJZj0U PhysicsFun on instagram: https://www.instagram.com/physicsfun Science Bob and magnetic cereal: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n9s8CbP7ExY wbeaty's video on how to make a generator: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k7Sz8oT8ou0 MRI quench: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9SOUJP5dFEg Levitating frog: http://www.ru.nl/hfml/research/levitation/diamagnetic/ Faraday's Law interactive: https://phet.colorado.edu/sims/html/faradays-law/latest/faradays-law_en.html Lenz's Law: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lenz%27s_law Lenz's Law interactive: https://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/electromag/java/lenzlaw/ Ann Druyan: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ann_Druyan Voyager Golden Record: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voyager_Golden_Record ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti and...

Can You Draw A Perfect Circle?

The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ MICHAEL ON TWITTER: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***Click "SHOW MORE" for links to DONGs*** Codereddit (0:34) http://codereddit.net/#/?_k=w8appj Perfect Circle (0:53) http://vladgotlib.com/circular/ Alphabet Passport (1:38) http://alphabetpassport.com/populationarea.php Slightly Annoying Traffic (1:53) https://jorbits.itch.io/traffic Cardinal Run (2:04) https://labrat.mobi/games/cardinal_run/ Don’t Pop the Balloon (2:13) https://www.openprocessing.org/sketch/491198 Creepy Face (2:25) http://alteredqualia.com/xg/examples/deferred_skin.html Based on a True Story (2:38) https://informationisbeautiful.net/visualizations/based-on-a-true-true-story/ What Bowie Did At Your Age (2:58) http://supbowie.com Hex Code Clock (3:24) http://www.jacopocolo.com/hexclock/ ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Written and edited by Hannah Canetti (https://www.youtube.com/c/HannahCanetti) VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by...

Relativistic Effects

LINKS TO LEARN MORE BELOW! follow: http://www.twitter.com/DoOnlineNowGuys Relativity VIDEO RECOMMENDATIONS: I talk about relativistic effects in this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ACUuFg9Y9dY My video about flat Earth: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VNqNnUJVcVs&t=3s Minutephyisics series on relativity (first two chapters are out so far) Chapter 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1rLWVZVWfdY Chapter 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hTxWAQGgeQw More time dilation videos: Best0fScience: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HHRK6ojWdtU PBS Space Time: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GguAN1_JouQ Sixty Symbols: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cxqjyl74iu4 Fraser Cain: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JwCYwte9NKg Relativity BOOK RECOMMENDATIONS: “Relativity Simply Explained” by Martin Gardener https://www.amazon.com/Relativity-Explained-Classics-Science-Mathematics/dp/0486293157 “Relativity Visualized” by Lewis Carroll Epstein https://www.amazon.com/Relativity-Explained-Classics-Science-Mathematics/dp/0486293157 "Spacetime Physics" https://www.amazon.com/Spacetime-Physics-Edwin-F-Taylor/dp/0716723271 “A Most Incomprehensible Thing: Notes Towards a Very Gentle Introduction to the Mathematics of Relativity” by Peter Collier https://www.amazon.com/Most-Incomprehensible-Thing-Introduction-Mathematics-ebook/dp/B008JRJ1VK Requires some background in relevant math topics (see above) but very very good: “Spacetime And Geometry: An Introduction To General Relativity”...

The Banach–Tarski Paradox

Q: "What's an anagram of Banach-Tarski?" A: "Banach-Tarski Banach-Tarski." twitter: https://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Kevin’s Field Day video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1zARMZ08ums Field Day: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRPktNf5vnBR1J4e7t1RUVg Deep dream animation by http://instagram.com/NaderMakki/ If you like it, you'll love this video also by Nader: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fJ9j_z2kXI0 Chocolate illusion: http://mathandmultimedia.com/2014/07/22/explanation-infinite-chocolate-bars/ Chocolate illusion video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dmBsPgPu0Wc related Numberphile videos: sizes of infinity (includes diagonal argument): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=elvOZm0d4H0 infinity paradoxes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dDl7g_2x74Q Vi Hart on types of infinity: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=23I5GS4JiDg Countable & uncountable definitions: http://mathinsight.org/definition/uncountable https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Countable_set https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncountable_set Banach-Tarski on wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banach%E2%80%93Tarski_paradox Banach-Tarski proofs: http://math.uchicago.edu/~may/REU2014/REUPapers/Robinson.pdf https://www.math.hmc.edu/~su/papers.dir/banachtarski.pdf http://people.math.umass.edu/~weston/oldpapers/banach.pdf Banach-Tarski explinations online: http://www.irregularwebcomic.net/2339.html http://www.kuro5hin.org/comments/2003/5/23/134430/275?pid=5#10 http://skepticsplay.blogspot.co.uk/2010/05/doubling-sphere.html http://austinrochford.com/posts/2014-05-14-banach-tarski-paradox.html http://www.math.cornell.edu/~mec/Summer2009/Whieldon/Math_Explorers_Club%3A__Lesson_Links/Entries/2009/7/28_Lesson_6%3A__Whats_an_Anagram_of_Banach-Tarski.html http://rachellevanger.com/index_files/BT%20Animated%20Presentation%20Web.pdf http://quibb.blogspot.co.uk/2013_03_01_archive.html http://blog.computationalcomplexity.org/2011/04/what-did-banachs-wife-think-of-banach.html https://geopolicraticus.wordpress.com/tag/banach-tarski-paradox/ http://dgleahy.com/p47.html https://www.math.hmc.edu/funfacts/ffiles/30001.1-3-8.shtml Cayley graph animated gif: https://twitter.com/GIFsofWikipedia/status/624202342259240960 Hilbert’s hotel on wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hilbert%27s_paradox_of_the_Grand_Hotel types of infinity: http://www.xamuel.com/levels-of-infinity/ set theory and quantum physics: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02213427#page-1 LHC gif: http://cms.web.cern.ch/news/lhc-data-be-made-public-open-access-initiative Zermelo-Fraenkel axioms of mathematics: http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Zermelo-FraenkelAxioms.html Is math invented or discovered? http://phys.org/news/2013-09-mathematics-effective-world.html http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/is-the-universe-made-of-math-excerpt/ more deep dream images: https://www.reddit.com/r/deepdream/ BOOKS: The Pea and the Sun: http://www.amazon.com/The-Pea-Sun-Mathematical-Paradox/dp/1568813279 The Outer Limits...

Slowest Progress Bars On The Internet!

The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ Vsauce PO Box: PO Box 33168 L.A. CA 90033 ***Click "SHOW MORE" for links to DONGs*** ‘Count to One Million (0:14) http://countonemillion.com ISS Finder (0:40) http://transit-finder.com Smarter Every Day (0:54) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lepQoU4oek4 Silent Gif (1:25) http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-42237092 Macroinvertebrates (2:34) http://www.macroinvertebrates.org/#/ One Zoom (2:53) http://www.onezoom.org/life.html/@Euryarchaeota=635958?vis=spiral#x1195,y237,w0.4871 Break the Bank (3:14) http://bizkids.com/games/break-the-bank/?src=reddit Wild Pigs (3:40) http://wildpiginfo.msstate.edu/history-wild-pigs.html Youtube Geo Finder (3:49) https://mattwright324.github.io/youtube-geofind/location Scan thing (4:03) https://jeonghopark.github.io/scanseqjs/ Progress (4:25) http://neal.fun/progress/ ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti (http://www.howtohannah.com) Written by Jack Merline VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Stranger Facial Hair

20% off for the first 200: https://brilliant.org/dong The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ ***Click "SHOW MORE" for links to DONGs*** DONG on Wikipedia (0:30) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dong Interactive Polyhedra (0:54) https://www.ibiblio.org/e-notes/webgl/polyhedra/polyhedra.htm Larger Library of Polyhedra (2:18) http://dmccooey.com/polyhedra/ Bagel (2:39) http://www.georgehart.com/bagel/bagel.html Stranger Things (3:08) http://evenstranger.pw/ Stroop Test (4:46) http://s3.mirror.co.uk/click-the-colour-and-not-the-word/index.html General Relativity (7:27) http://spark.sciencemag.org/generalrelativity/ Phet Pendulum Interactive (7:55) https://phet.colorado.edu/sims/html/pendulum-lab/latest/pendulum-lab_en.html ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Edited by Hannah Canetti (https://www.youtube.com/c/HannahCanetti) VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Our Narrow Slice

SOURCES AND MORE INFO BELOW: Jared Diamond's "The World Until Yesterday": http://www.amazon.co.uk/The-World-Until-Yesterday-Traditional/dp/0141024488/ music by: youtube.com/jakechudnow Follow Michael Stevens: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce more on WEIRD: http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2013/05/weird_psychology_social_science_researchers_rely_too_much_on_western_college.html incorrect predictions: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Incorrect_predictions More famous INCORRECT predictions: http://www.rense.com/general81/dw.htm http://web.mit.edu/randy/www/words.html history of miscegenation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miscegenation debunked scientific beliefs: http://listverse.com/2009/01/19/10-debunked-scientific-beliefs-of-the-past/ Hollow Earth: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hollow_Earth Hollow Concave Earth: http://www.atlasobscura.com/places/koreshan-state-historic-site Concave Earth spying attempt: http://bit.ly/1gnDwRE Scathing reviews of masterpieces: http://mentalfloss.com/article/30497/11-early-scathing-reviews-works-now-considered-masterpieces http://flavorwire.com/335428/15-scathing-early-reviews-of-classic-novels/ Thomas Midgley, Jr.: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Midgley,_Jr. QI clip about Midgley: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gZAnnvSOEmw Inventors killed by own inventions (AllTime10s): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wu9KXQmL2d8 50 worst inventions: http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1991915_1991909_1991817,00.html Nevin Lead and crime study: http://pic.plover.com/Nevin/Nevin2007.pdf

The Brachistochrone

BRAIN CANDY LIVE TICKETS: http://www.braincandylive.com/tickets Links to sources and to learn more below! MY TWITTER: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce MY INSTAGRAM: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants THE CURIOSITY BOX: https://www.curiositybox.com/ Stan Wagon “Roads and Wheels” [PDF]: http://web.mst.edu/~lmhall/Personal/RoadsWheels/RoadsWheels.pdf 3Blue1Brown video, “The Brachistochrone, with Steven Strogatz”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cld0p3a43fU Pile of people visualization originally from this Vsauce1 video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C6eOcd06kdk Online spirograph: http://nathanfriend.io/inspirograph/ The Brachistochrone http://whistleralley.com/brachistochrone/brachistochrone.htm Rolling: http://www.animations.physics.unsw.edu.au//jw/rolling.htm http://teacher.pas.rochester.edu/phy121/LectureNotes/Chapter12/Chapter12.html Refraction of light: http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/refrn/Lesson-1/Refraction-and-Sight http://www.funscience.in/study-zone/Physics/RefractionOfLight/AtmosphericRefraction.php http://www.walter-fendt.de/html5/phen/refractionhuygens_en.htm http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/particleorwave/refraction/ http://astro.unl.edu/classaction/animations/telescopes/snellslaw.html http://demonstrations.wolfram.com/FermatsPrincipleAndSnellsLaw/ Feynman on The Principle of Least Time: http://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/I_26.html cycloid as answer to brachistochrone: https://sinews.siam.org/About-the-Author/quick-find-a-solution-to-the-brachistochrone-problem-1 Music from: https://www.youtube.com/jakechudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com Roulette animations by Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay good relevant Wikipedia articles: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brachistochrone_curve https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tautochrone_curve https://goo.gl/SlRDhK https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cycloid https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snell's_law Wolfram demonstration projects used: "Cycloid Curves" from the Wolfram Demonstrations Project  http://demonstrations.wolfram.com/CycloidCurves/ Contributed by: Sean Madsen Additional contributions by: David von Seggern (U. Nevada, Reno) "Shaping a Road and Finding the Corresponding Wheel" from the Wolfram...

How Earth Moves

It’s here! Science stuff, mind-blowing stuff, Vsauce stuff, oh my!! THE CURIOSITY BOX: https://www.thecuriositybox.com/ Jake’s video about The Curiosity Box: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p91-GhjgeEU Minute Physics on why December days are the longest: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZMMuv0Ltyo StandUpMaths on calendars and leap days: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qkt_wmRKYNQ Tom Scott on the Equation of Time: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d9Qnobvx_kM My video on what would happen if the Earth stopped spinning: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K0-GxoJ_Pcg GREAT visuals showing how Earth moves around the sun: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=82p-DYgGFjI http://www.timeanddate.com/ George Washington’s birthday: https://www.archives.gov/legislative/features/washington/ real-time sub solar point location: http://rl.se/sub-solar-point Lahaina noon images from the Oahu Astrophotography club: https://www.facebook.com/OahuAstrophotoClub analemma: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analemma great solargraph and analemma images: http://analemma.pl/english-version interactive seasons and ecliptic simulator: http://astro.unl.edu/classaction/animations/coordsmotion/eclipticsimulator.html Nasa video of seasonal movement of Earth: https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/20063 Tropical year: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropical_year Earth rotation specifics:...

The Invention Of Blue

Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ Written, Produced, Edited and Hosted by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Website: http://kevinlieber.com Contributing Researcher & Editor Matthew Tabor, Koala Fight Media http://koala.fm/ VFX by Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay Select Music by Jake Chudnow https://www.youtube.com/user/jakechudnow Special Thanks Paula Lieber https://twitter.com/pixichuu Vsauce2 Links Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Website: http://www.Vsauce.com **** LINKS AND SOURCES **** BOOKS The Brilliant History of Color in Art by Victoria Finlay https://www.amazon.com/Brilliant-History-Color-Art/dp/1606064290/ Blue: The History Of A Color by Michel Pastoureau https://www.amazon.com/Blue-History-Color-Michel-Pastoureau/dp/0691090505/ Secret Language Of Color by Joann Eckstut and Arielle Eckstut https://www.amazon.com/Secret-Language-Color-Science-History/dp/1579129498/ SPECIAL THANKS Virginia Postrel https://vpostrel.com/ https://www.amazon.com/Substance-Style-Aesthetic-Remaking-Consciousness/dp/0060933852/ Victoria Finlay https://victoriafinlay.com/ Joshua J. Mark http://www.ancient.eu/user/JPryst/ Kidmograph http://www.kidmograph.com/ https://www.instagram.com/kidmograph/ Outro Song “I Came Back For You” by Trevor Something https://trevorsomething.bandcamp.com/album/soulless-computer-boy-and-the-eternal-render ARTICLES Pigments Through The Ages https://goo.gl/ytfGV3 https://goo.gl/D6nwMs Color In Art https://goo.gl/4Bu7pD Harvard Color Vault https://goo.gl/Q86ixm https://goo.gl/Y43xCb Little Snow White https://goo.gl/Lsm8Xt A Story Of Blue https://goo.gl/4GsVFB The Material History of the Color...

Dord.

Subscribe to Vsauce! It’s free. CLICK HERE: http://goo.gl/A0vu8u my twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce my instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants SOURCES AND MORE BELOW! Jake from Vsauce3 and I on his show, "Talk-o Time": http://youtu.be/wYbVRLKwy-U Old Vsauce video on Déjà vu: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CSf8i8bHIns Dord: http://www.merriam-webster.com/video/0027-ghostword.html collateral adjectives: https://www.wordnik.com/lists/b-collateral-adjective-pairs-b amazing collection of English word facts: http://www.questrel.com/records.html How many words rhyme? http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=1946 ThinkFact on rhymes [VIDEO]: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=daEU7MVfJ1U gramograms: http://www.highlightpress.com.au/list-of-gramograms.html https://www.wordnik.com/lists/gramograms-words-that-sound-like-letters phantonyms: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/27/magazine/27FOB-onlanguage-t.html?_r=1& hangman analysis (best words to fool people): http://blog.wolfram.com/2010/08/13/25-best-hangman-words/ police: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_linguistic_example_sentences http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buffalo_buffalo_Buffalo_buffalo_buffalo_buffalo_Buffalo_buffalo Esquivalience: http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2005/08/29/not-a-word http://boingboing.net/2011/08/02/esquivalience-at-what-point-does-a-fake-word-become-real.html Trivial Pursuit story: http://www.columbo-site.freeuk.com/firstnamecourt.htm a good article on Columbo’s actual name: http://frankcolumboswristwatch.tumblr.com/frank "The Pun Also Rises" book: http://www.amazon.co.uk/The-Also-Rises-John-Pollack/dp/1592406750 The Oatmeal and irony: http://theoatmeal.com/comics/irony Digg and irony: http://digg.com/2014/irony-illustrated “Ironic” music video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xFQypLPZejA "Ironic" rewritten to be actually situationally ironic: http://www.collegehumor.com/post/229130/lines-from-alanis-morissettes-ironic-modified-to-actually-make-them-ironic some other Alanis/irony perspectives: http://www.salon.com/2014/05/08/what_everybody_gets_wrong_about_alanis_morissettes_ironic_partner/ http://www.copyblogger.com/did-alanis-morissette-get-irony-right/ Dog DNA study: http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/content/26/12/2849.full Why do we say “um”?:...

Math Magic

Links to sources, more math magic, and other cool things below! My Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce My Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/electricpants Thanks to Vanessa from BrainCraft! Check out her channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/braincraftvideo Matt Parker's standupmaths channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/standupmaths Matt's video I mention: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aNpGxZ_1KXU STEMMathsMagic channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/STEMMathsMagic The STEMMathsMagic video I reference: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r-LO8zQ9eTs STEMMathsMagic website (check out the manual!): http://www.mathematicalmagic.com/thetricks.html mismag is amazing. He introduced me to MANY self-working mathematical tricks. Please check him out! https://www.youtube.com/user/mismag822 MUSIC in this episode is from: Jake Chudnow: https://www.youtube.com/user/jakechudnow zach mccoy: https://zachmccoy.bandcamp.com/ audionetwork: http://www.audionetwork.com Shakespeare and Psalm 46: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psalm_46 http://www.umsl.edu/~thomaskp/sbible.htm https://www.apologeticspress.org/apcontent.aspx?category=13&article=925 Paper about which cards people think of most frequently (and more): http://www2.psych.ubc.ca/~rensink/publications/download/Cards-OAR.pdf 52 factorial explained by Scott Czepiel: http://czep.net/weblog/52cards.html Some good math magic articles: http://www.maa.org/community/maa-columns/past-columns-card-colm/low-down-triple-dealing http://www.futilitycloset.com/2015/06/25/color-scheme/ http://www.maa.org/external_archive/columns/colm/cardcolm200504.html http://www.ams.org/samplings/feature-column/fcarc-mulcahy5 http://mathforum.org/library/drmath/view/60379.html

A Game You Can Always Win

Get Vsauce's favorite science and math toys delivered right to your door: http://www.curiositybox.com The 100 game was created by the Reverend Charles Lutwidge Dodgson -- who you may know for writing Alice In Wonderland under the pen name Lewis Carroll. Carroll’s Oxford students were amazed. On February 5, 1856 he wrote in his diary: “... the trick of counting alternately up to 100, neither putting on more than 10 to the last number named, astonished them not a little.” The Universe in a Handkerchief: Lewis Carroll’s Mathematical Recreations, Games, Puzzles, and Word Plays, by Martin Gardiner https://www.amazon.com/Universe-Handkerchief-Carrolls-Mathematical-Recreations/dp/0387256415 The Diaries of Lewis Carroll Volume...

"Comedians" on Hoverboards Getting Chicken McNuggets - Michael (Vsauce)

Jerry Seinfeld is joined by friends for a cup of coffee and a drive in a classic car, sharing stories all along the way. Go subscribe to Vsauce: https://www.youtube.com/user/Vsauce __ SUBSCRIBE ► http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=iDubbbztv Main Channel ► https://www.youtube.com/user/iDubbbzTV Second Channel ► https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC-tsNNJ3yIW98MtPH6PWFAQ Gaming Channel ► https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCVhfFXNY0z3-mbrTh1OYRXA Website ► http://www.idubbbz.com/ Instagram ► https://instagram.com/idubbbz/ Twitter ► https://twitter.com/Idubbbz Facebook ► http://www.facebook.com/IDubbbz Twitch ► http://www.twitch.tv/idubbbz _

Lightbulbs, Multiplication, and More!

Brilliant.org: https://brilliant.org/dong The Curiosity Box: https://www.curiositybox.com/ ***Click "SHOW MORE" for links to DONGs*** Pickle Cat (0:08) http://dn.ht/picklecat/ List of Entertainers Who Died During a Performance (0:36) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_entertainers_who_died_during_a_performance Modular Multiplication Around a Circle (1:08) https://dev.nektro.net/projects/circular_multiplication/#10x8 Slider Version (2:29) https://math-magic.herokuapp.com/ 3D RGB Scatterplot (3:30) https://imgur.com/a/aRBd1 Image Colors (4:15) https://franciscouzo.github.io/image_colors/ What’s That Bulb (6:08) http://www.whatsthatbulb.com/ Wide-angle NavCam 1 (7:21) https://i.imgur.com/gq7MvVn.png Migrant Mother (7:54) https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/54/Lange-MigrantMother02.jpg http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/ppmsca.23845/ Fonetix (9:21) http://www.flashbynight.com/fonetix/ How To Waste Time (11:32) http://www.how-to-waste-your-time.com/ ***CREDITS*** Hosted by Michael Stevens Written and edited by Hannah Canetti (http://www.howtohannah.com) VFX by Eric Langlay (http://youtube.com/ericlanglay) Music by Jake Chudnow (http://youtube.com/jakechudnow) ***VSAUCE LINKS*** Vsauce1: http://youtube.com/vsauce1 Vsauce2: http://youtube.com/vsauce2 Vsauce3: http://youtube.com/vsauce3

Spinning

THE CURIOSITY BOX: https://www.curiositybox.com/ BRAIN CANDY LIVE: http://www.braincandylive.com/ DONG: http://www.youtube.com/dong **LINKS TO LEARN MORE BELOW** Jake unboxing the latest Curiosity Box (SPOILERS): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IUK7MUtotw4 Other great videos on this topic: "The gyro effect explained, without math" from Matthias Wandel https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jQEKhIovKA0 also see http://woodgears.ca/physics/gyro.html "Gyroscopic precession -- An intuitive explanation" from TheHue's SciTech https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n5bKzBZ7XuM "Gyroscopic Precession" from Veritasium https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ty9QSiVC2g0 "Anti-Gravity Wheel?" from Veritasium https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GeyDf4ooPdo "Bizarre spinning toys" from Physics Girl https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Tx7FgZuV3U&t=199s "Can a satellite do a yo-yo trick?" from Practical Engineering https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZKAQtB5Pwq4 wiki pages about gyroscopes and circular motion: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gyroscope https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circular_motion https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angular_momentum https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Precession https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centrifugal_force centripetal force: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/cf.html xkcd on Centrifugal Force: http://xkcd.com/123/ Eötvös effect: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E%C3%B6tv%C3%B6s_effect http://io9.gizmodo.com/5987516/the-noble-eotvos-effect-shows-you-can-outrun-gravity https://thearmsguide.com/5329/external-ballistics-the-coriolis-effect-6-theory-section/ https://www.physicsforums.com/threads/our-weight-if-the-earth-spins-faster.603143/ Music by http://www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow and http://www.audionetwork.com Good-lookin' 3D graphics by Eric Langlay: https://www.youtube.com/user/ericdraven30 mid-tier 2D animations by me. #whazzzup

What Color Is A Mirror?

Follow Michael Stevens: https://twitter.com/tweetsauce LEARN MORE and, in order of appearence: Watch Molly dance! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_jljYAXLaus Javier: http://www.youtube.com/user/werevertumorro Loka: http://www.youtube.com/user/LeMondedeLoka Great web exhibit on the causes of color: http://www.webexhibits.org/causesofcolor/ "color" vs "colour": http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_and_British_English_spelling_differences#-our.2C_-or Study on mirror color: http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA523782 Bad Astronomy on Mirror-color: http://www.badastronomy.com/mad/1996/mirror.html Great series of mirror tunnels: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikedefiant/452440663/in/photostream/ Origins of color terms: http://www.worldwidewords.org/articles/colour.htm Origin of "black": http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=black&allowed_in_frame=0 xkcd's color survey: http://blog.xkcd.com/2010/05/03/color-survey-results/ Tyndall Effect: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyndall_effect More on scattering: http://www.itp.uni-hannover.de/~zawischa/ITP/scattering.html A CRAZY bird that uses interference on its feathers to look awesome: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nS1tEnfkk6M Peacocks also use interference: http://www.webexhibits.org/causesofcolor/15C.html Fantastic Radio Lab about color terms: http://www.radiolab.org/2012/may/21/sky-isnt-blue/ Straight Dope on the history of color terms: http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/449/could-early-man-only-see-three-colors Mirror GIF: http://gifninja.com/animatedgifs/104659/where-is-everybody.gif my favorite color illusion: http://www.archimedes-lab.org/color_illusory_motion.html *************** http://www.Twitter.com/Tweetsauce http://www.Facebook./com/VsauceGaming Vsauce Tshirts: http://www.districtlines.com/vsauce music by: http://www.Soundcloud.com/JakeChudnow

Is Earth Actually Flat?

follow: http://www.twitter.com/tweetsauce LOTS OF COOL LINKS BELOW! Flat Earth gravity simulation by Yeti Dynamics: https://www.youtube.com/user/yetipc1 Kansas flatness study: (the pancakes used in the study were from IHOP): http://www.improb.com/airchives/paperair/volume9/v9i3/kansas.html the flatness of other states: http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2014/03/science-several-us-states-led-by-florida-are-flatter-than-a-pancake/284348/ "The Meaning Of It All" by Richard Feynman: http://www.amazon.co.uk/The-Meaning-All-Richard-Feynman/dp/0141031441 “The Pig That Wants to Be Eaten”: http://www.amazon.co.uk/The-Pig-That-Wants-Eaten/dp/1847081282 related Vsauce video, “Is Anything Real?” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L45Q1_psDqk Minutphysics “TOP 10 REASONS Why We Know the Earth is Round” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o_W280R_Jt8 Good satirical series about how the Earth IS flat: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=83aYfmZpoSs What if Earth was a cube? https://possiblywrong.wordpress.com/2011/09/09/if-the-earth-were-a-cube/ http://www.askamathematician.com/2011/05/q-what-would-earth-be-like-to-us-if-it-were-a-cube-instead-of-spherical-is-this-even-possible/ http://gizmodo.com/how-gravity-would-be-different-if-the-world-were-a-cube-1492018223 http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/question.php?number=421 MYTH of the round Earth: http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2011/09/21/who-discovered-the-earth-is-ro/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myth_of_the_Flat_Earth Earth is round: http://datagenetics.com/blog/june32012/index.html http://www.wired.com/2011/06/how-to-estimate-the-radius-of-the-earth-with-a-lake/ https://web.archive.org/web/20100331205903/http://orfe.princeton.edu/~rvdb/tmp/sunsetTalkSmall.pdf Varrazano bridge: http://www.ljhammond.com/phlit/2012-06c.htm Varrazano spelling controversy: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/roseanne-colletti/verrazzano-versus-verraza_b_188479.html Flat Earth Society: http://theflatearthsociety.org http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_flat_Earth_societies Wilbur Glen Voliva: http://blog.modernmechanix.com/5000-for-proving-the-earth-is-a-globe/ http://stevelyons.ca/projects/flat-earth-manifesto/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilbur_Glenn_Voliva http://theflatearthsociety.org/forum/index.php?topic=61797.0#.VH-UhWSsXYH Flat earth map (one theory): http://www.earthnotaglobe.com/library/Flat_Earth_Society_Map.jpg Poe’s Law: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poe%27s_law http://literallyunbelievable.org Science...

Is It Okay to Touch Mars?

Watch Nat Geo's MARS Monday 11/14 at 9/8c: http://makemarshome.com/  Watch Kevin and Jake's videos! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5_MhErD-EA0&index=2&list=PLiyjwVB09t5xDxwO8KpwJA2HTA13xarpf *Thanks to Nat Geo for sponsoring this video* Earth and Mars size comparison: http://www.space.com/16871-how-big-is-mars.html calculate how much you’d weigh on Mars: http://www.exploratorium.edu/mars/yourweight.php Martian ‘sun dial’: http://www.universetoday.com/96930/curiositys-sundial-carries-a-message-of-hope/ http://mars.nasa.gov/multimedia/interactives/revealing-mars-before-after-image-comparison-slider/rover-opportunity/ Touching Mars images (walnut regolith): http://www.nasa.gov/centers/ames/multimedia/images/2005/dust_devils.html Pascal Lee: http://www.pascallee.net https://www.facebook.com/PascalLeeOfficial/photos/a.533740600028877.1073741831.518292958240308/951932401543026/?type=3&theater Other flag ideas: http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20151214-what-would-the-flag-of-mars-look-like https://astrosociety.org/edu/publications/tnl/66/flag.html Kim Stanley Robinson’s excellent trilogy: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B000QCS914/ref=dp-kindle-redirect?_encoding=UTF8&btkr=1 terraforming of Mars: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terraforming_of_Mars Outer Space Treaty: http://www.state.gov/t/isn/5181.htm#treaty Extraterrestrial Liberty: http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-319-18063-2_3 Time on Mars: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timekeeping_on_Mars http://jtauber.github.io/mars-clock/ Mars orbit: http://www.windows2universe.org/mars/mars_orbit.html Mars orbit proximity chart: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_mission_to_Mars#/media/File:Mars_close_appr.png NASA Mars time program: http://www.giss.nasa.gov/tools/mars24/ Mars Watches: http://mars.nasa.gov/mer/spotlight/spirit/a3_20040108.html http://web.archive.org/web/20120525133718/http://executivejewelers.com/jewelscart2000/store/jewelscart2000_listCategoriesAndProducts.asp?idCategory=10 Darian calendar: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darian_calendar Ask a Mathematician physicist article: http://www.askamathematician.com/2012/09/q-is-it-likely-that-there-are-atoms-in-my-body-that-have-traveled-from-the-other-side-of-the-planet-solar-system-galaxy-or-universe/ Apollo quarantine: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_Quarantine_Facility Buzz tweet: https://twitter.com/therealbuzz/status/631818861424308224 space dust: http://www.universetoday.com/92807/rocks-from-mars/ Blood and skin cells changing: https://www.reddit.com/r/askscience/comments/1q16hw/im_32_is_there_a_single_cell_or_even_molecule/ Planetary protection: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Planetary_protection https://planetaryprotection.nasa.gov/ Mars sample return [PDF]: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/pss/presentations/200803/04-Atlas-PPSonMSR.pdf The International Committee Against Mars Sample Return...

What Is A Paradox?

Brilliant: https://brilliant.org/vsauce2 Thanks to Brilliant for sponsoring this episode. *** SOURCES LINKS AND MORE *** “The Ways of Paradox and Other Essays” by Willard Van Orman Quine: https://www.amazon.com/Ways-Paradox-Other-Essays-Revised/dp/0674948378/ Zeno of Elea, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/zeno-elea/ Zeno’s Paradoxes, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/paradox-zeno/ Convergent Series, Khan Academy: https://www.khanacademy.org/math/calculus-home/series-calc/seq-conv-diverg-calc/v/convergent-and-divergent-sequences “Game Show Problem” by Marilyn vos Savant, Parade Magazine, 1990: http://marilynvossavant.com/game-show-problem/ “Solution to the Grandfather Paradox” by minutephysics: https://youtu.be/XayNKY944lY “The Faint Young Sun Paradox!” by MinuteEarth: https://youtu.be/qbnaes8X4iQ *********************************** Vsauce Links Website: http://www.Vsauce.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/VsauceTwo Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/VsauceTwo Hosted, Produced, Writing Contributions And Edited by Kevin Lieber Instagram: http://instagram.com/kevlieber Twitter: https://twitter.com/kevleeb Website: http://kevinlieber.com Research And Writing Contributions by Matthew Tabor https://twitter.com/matthewktabor Writing Contributions by Michael Stevens https://youtube.com/Vsauce VFX By Eric Langlay https://www.youtube.com/c/ericlanglay Special Thanks Paula Lieber https://www.etsy.com/shop/Craftality Select...

35 UNBELIEVABLE COOKING HACKS

Subscribe to 5-Minute Crafts: https://www.goo.gl/8JVmuC  For copyright matters please contact us at: welcome@brightside.me ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Our Social Media: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/5min.crafts/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/5.min.crafts/ The Bright Side of Youtube: https://goo.gl/rQTJZz ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- For more videos and articles visit: http://www.brightside.me/ Music: 1. Spanish Summer by Audionautix is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Artist: http://audionautix.com/ 2. Italian Morning by Twin Musicom is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Artist: http://www.twinmusicom.org/ 3. Macaroon 5 by Audionautix is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Artist: http://audionautix.com/ 4. Santo Rico by Twin Musicom is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Artist: http://www.twinmusicom.org/ 5. Sideways Samba by Audionautix is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Artist: http://audionautix.com/ 6. Rauchus...